CBD stands for Cannabidiol, and is derived from Cannabis sativa plant. Unlike delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), which is the active ingredient in Marijuana, CBD is not a psychoactive substance. This means that no matter how much you consume, it will not produce the characteristic feeling of being high.
CBD is also classified as a dietary supplement in Sweden – which gives the public open access to CBD supplements
How does CBD work?
CBD interacts with the Endocannabinoid system – a complex network of receptors and neurotransmitters that are spread throughout the body. This system is interconnected with regulating the balance of various organs and their systems.
The largest amount of these receptors is found in the brain in the so-called central nervous system, as well as the immune system. Cannabinoid receptors are found in almost every organ in the body, including the skin and the digestive system.
The endocannabinoid system controls a wide range of biological functions, including:
CBD works through the endocannabinoid system by increasing our naturally occurring endocannabinoids – thus helping the body find its balance.
Cannabinoids and the endocannabinoid system
The endocannabinoid system is a complex cell-signaling system that was discovered in the early 20th century by researchers researching THC (cannabinoid). Experts are still trying to gain a full understanding of the endocannabinoid system, but so far we know that it has a major role in regulating a range of functions and processes, including:
- Reproduction and fertility
- Skin and nerve function
- Liver function
- Muscle formation
- Chronic pain
- Bone growth
These features all contribute to homeostasis, which refers to the stability of your internal environment. The endocannabinoid system helps your body return to its perfect function when your body has been attacked by, for example, inflammation or pain.
The endocannabinoid system involves 3 components: endocannabinoids, receptors and enzymes.
Endocannabinoids – are molecules that your body produces. They are very similar to cannabinoids, but they are produced by your body. Researchers have so far found two endocannabinoids – anandamide, 2-arachidonoylglyerol. These ensure that internal functions in the body take place smoothly. The body produces these on demand, which also makes it difficult to know what the typical level is for each one.
Endocannabinoid receptors – These are found throughout the body. Endocannabinoids bind to these to in turn activate them to secrete signals that the endocannabinoid system should be activated. These receptors are mainly found in the central nervous system as well as the peripheral nervous system, mainly immune cells. Endocannabinoids can bind to one of these receptors to, for example, relieve pain by binding to receptors in the central nervous system. Others may also bind to immune cells to signal that the body is experiencing inflammation.
Enzymes – Its function in the endocannabinoid system is to break down endocannabinoids once they have performed their function.
How much CBD should I take and how often?
The recommended daily dose of our CBD oil is 5-50mg CBD per day depending on your weight, as well as how CBD affects you individually. For example, 20mg-33mg would be a good starting dose for someone who weighs 90kg, while 15mg-25mg would be more suitable for someone who weighs 70kg.
As a general guideline, you can start on 1-6mg of CBD for every 5kg of your body weight. Then you can increase the daily dose by a few mg every day until you find your desired result.
It is important that you are aware that when you take cannabinoids, it also increases the number of active receptors that are found in the body. It can therefore be estimated that it takes about 3-4 weeks, to fully activate the endocannabinoid system, to get such a large number of receptors to be activated. This means that you need smaller doses of cannabinoids.
Is Hemp seed oil and CBD Hemp oil the same?
Many people tend to mix CBD-rich hemp extract with hemp seed oil. These two oils differ as between sky and sea.
CBD hemp oil is naturally derived from the resinous (resinous) flower of the feminine hemp plant (without seeds). The resin is extracted using an advanced extraction method to collect cannabinoids, as well as terpenes that are naturally found in the resin plant. This is the source of CBD.
Difference between hemp and marijuana?
Both Hemp and Marijuana belong to the genus ´cannabis´ plant. Contrary to many people’s beliefs, there are several types of cannabis that can have very different effects.
The difference is in their chemical structure.
Everything with less than 0.2% THC in Europe (with dried weight) is classified as hemp – not psychotic, while everything above this is classified as marijuana – psychotic. THC is better known for its high effect (intoxicating) and is thus classified as a drug.
At DR. Herbals, we only use hemp plants that have been grown specifically for their high CBD content and lack the psychoactive THC.
Our products here at DR. Herbals® are produced from the plant Cannabis Sativa L (industrial hemp). Our CBD products are a dietary supplement that is produced on hemp plant, and also contains minerals, vitamins and naturally occurring terpenes and cofactors from hemp. The Supreme Court of Sweden ruled in June 2019 with case number B 177-19 that CBD preparations may not contain THC. CBD oil may contain up to 0.2% THC in Europe and 0.0% THC in Sweden. All our CBD oils at DR. Herbals are EU approved and contain 0.0% THC, which is legal in Europe. Our products are produced by the latest method, so-called CO2 extraction, which has a good reputation for capturing the plant’s substances in the desired shape. With this process, we can produce our products that are a wide range of cannabinoids, completely THC-free and legal.